Myopia is another word for short-sightedness. People who are myopic struggle to see things at distance. With high myopia you may only be able to see clearly a few centimetres in front of you. This can be remedied with glasses, and many myopes also like contact lenses.
It affects 1 in 3 people in the UK. Myopia is more than twice as prevalent among UK children now compared to in the 1960’s. Myopia is most likely to occur between 6 and 13 years of age
Find out more about short-sightedness here.
Your spectacle prescription is the numbers that describe the power of spectacle lenses that will give you the best vision. After the optometrist has completed the eye examination they will write your prescription for you.
Optometrists measure the focusing power of your eye using dioptres. This is a technical term for how strong a lens would have to be to give you focused vision. The higher the numbers the stronger your lens will be.
Low myopia usually describes myopia of −3.00 diopters or less.
Moderate myopia usually describes myopia between −3.00 and −6.00 diopters.
High myopia usually describes myopia of −6.00 or more.
Find out more here.
Myopia is children often get worse as they grow. It usually stops getting worse at around the age of 20.
People who are myopic struggle to see things at distance. With high myopia you may only be able to see clearly a few centimetres in front of you. This can be remedied with glasses, and many myopes also like contact lenses.
For most people myopia simply means they need specs or contact lenses to see better, but for a very small number, particularly those with high myopia, the consequences can be more severe, Increased risk of retinal detachment, macular degeneration, glaucoma and light sensitivity.
More children are becoming short-sighted. The new science of myopia control is all about ways to prevent growing short-sightedness in children. New contact lenses are available which can reduce how short-sighted your child will become. Talk to your contact lens optician about the best options for your child.
Children typically start becoming short-sighted between the ages of six and eight, although this can start earlier or later. Short-sightedness generally progresses faster if it starts at a younger age. Research is being carried out into how to stop or slow the progress of short-sightedness.
There are a number of treatments being researched which may slow the growth of short-sightedness in children. Currently a treatment using eye drops has been shown to be effective, but this can blur the child’s close vision. The most success has been shown so far using specially designed contact lenses which slow the progression of short-sightedness in 59% of children using them. There are things you can do to help your child too. Long hours of close work, reading or on screens influences the development of short-sightedness. Time outdoors is linked to less short-sightedness. If you are concerned about your child’s eyes, book a sight test.
Children can wear contact lenses from a young age. For younger children contact lens wear needs the parent, child and contact lens optician to work together. Contact lenses can be great for younger children with high prescriptions and those who find their specs get in a way of activities. A new type of contact lens has been shown to slow the development of short sightedness in children which is another advantage.
Ask to speak to a contact lens optician about this if you want to find out more about contact lenses for your child.